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by Mariana Caplan

Originally posted here on the Huffington Post, 8/13/2011.

Many people get disillusioned on the spiritual path, and it is not because spiritual practices and approaches are not effective -- they are. If we sincerely engage spiritual disciplines -- whether meditation, contemplation, yoga or prayer -- our practices will bear fruits. We will have more experiences, insights, moments of connection with presence, oneness or divinity. The problem is not spiritual technologies and practices. Spiritual teachers do not routinely fall into scandals around power and sexuality because the practices they engage and teach do not work. Spiritual students do not become disillusioned with spiritual life because they are not practicing sincerely enough. If we look closely, we see that these practices do work, and that part of our lives actually are improving.

So why isn't this making us ultimately happier? Improving our relationships? Diminishing our reactivity? Depression? Anxiety? Through working with hundreds of spiritual teachers and practitioners in the western world, I am convinced that spiritual work alone does not address many of our deepest psychological knots and traumas, nor does it provide tools to address our wounds in relationships that block us from fulfilling our deepest longings, dreams and spiritual possibilities.

We get stuck because we have not integrated the psychological wounds and traumas that live within our bodies and keep repeating themselves again and again through unfulfilling, if not self-destructive, behaviors and dramas in our lives. We engage in spiritual bypassing, hoping against our often-better judgment, that our spiritual practices will remove our unpleasant emotions or help us to transcend our relationship challenges.

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6 Responses to “Why Spirituality Needs Psychology”

  1. charles dudas

    Mariana,
    I have now read at least three or four of your latest comments/blogs, yet none of your books. That now may well change.
    You write with such insight, tenderness and an incredible sense of second level simplicity that to me this is therapeutically seductive and comapassionately forgiving — a la fois.
    Yes, we all need a decent dose of psychology — taints run much too deep to be able argue otherwise and bypassing is bypassing, not eradicating or overcoming.
    Fallen angels are still angels, but they need not have fallen if only their passions for betterment of the world and everyone else were somewhat staggered and preceded by a serious self-examination and a major spring cleaning. Oh, so easy to say, oh so lovingly true ! Keep writing, keep writing. Warm greetings, charles d.

  2. Jan Loomis

    Hi, I think it was Thoreau who first said that an examined life is not worth living. There are many ways to examine it, and yes, therapists who are trained can help better than most.
    I recently was surprised to discover that my teacher, whose advice is always to return to my heart center completely blocked my ability to get on with my life after a broken relationship. Why? Because what I was needing was a safe outlet for my anger and hurt and pushing those aside only made them fester.
    Our bodies hold a great deal of wisdom within and we can easily tap it most of the time. When we can’t it is helpful to get the right kind of help.
    Thanks for your blog article. Wonderful!
    Jan

  3. Layne Cutright

    Relationships are for healing and spiritual evolution. But, many spiritual teachers lack a deep understanding about what really causes relationships to be the way they are.

    One of the most valuable ways our Souls use our relationships for our individual and collective healing is to help us see the world that lives behind our eyes. We can’t take our consciousness out and observe it or re-sort it. What we can’t see about our psyche is reflected in our relating with others.

    In my work as a relationship educator and personal evolution coach for the last 35 years I have seen the biggest piece missing for most people who are dedicated spiritual seekers is emotional purification.

    The “spiritual bypass” as you put it is another crafty suppression strategy of the ego. The more we suppress the longer our true awakening takes.

    When we are unskilled in the practice of what I call “radical personal responsibility” we go around the learning opportunities in our relationships. What is predictable is that the same learning opportunity will need to be amplified so we can observe the part of our psyche that needs healing. That means more drama, pain and acting out.

    It is as though the early lessons are the size of peas, if we miss those, the next lessons are the size of large rocks. If we miss the rocks they become boulders and if we miss the opportunities in the boulder size lessons we run straight into a brick wall, then a mountain.

    It takes a safe space and a community initiated in the value and practices of emotional purification to create and sustain both individual and tribal enlightenment.

    I’ve written a book called You’re Never Upset for the Reason You Think, that teaches a technique in radical personal responsibility. It can be bought at amazon.com or my website.

    May the blessings of love fill your life.
    Layne Cutright

  4. Douglas Kasle, PhD

    Mariana,

    I appreciate your call for an integrative approach to spiritual development, one that include attention to psychological processes. Some people refer to “spiritual by-pass” to describe the way spiritual realization can be impeded by avoidance or neglect of personal and emotional development. Ken Wilbur referred to this as the “pre/trans fallacy” when individual strive for transcendence without exploring the early pre-personal stages of growth.

    Awareness of emotional and interpersonal facets of our being is essential to integral awakening.

  5. Thomas Frankovich

    The path is self created. One sees what one wants to see, hears what one wants to hear. Is it probable that many spiritual teachers & students know much better than they do? However, for whatever reason/excuse they may choose, perhaps they lack the will-power or courage to accomplish what they in their deepest being, know is right action? What they know to be wise action? Or, perhaps they cave in to the default mode of body over mind pleasure seeking desires of materialism? One can only wonder.

    Spiritual health & well-being is always an inside job. It is the result of true wisdom. Spirituality is the product of wise living & being. The Mind governs the body. Many (if not all) of the ills of the spiritual teachers/students are directly tracked back to wrong thinking and/or undisciplined emotion. Apparently, somewhere there has been a lack of meaning & purpose in their lives, thusly, creating havoc in the system they presently inhabit.

    Many Buddhist practice Precepts. Teachings of the Buddha regarding personal conduct, which are both ethical guidelines and, more broadly, aspects of Reality itself. Many have understood that well-spiritual-being may be established thru intelligent mindfulness direction thru following the Precepts.

  6. Asa Hersh

    All quite true and well articulated. Unfortunately, modern psychology is itself is an extremely flawed tool, that has exacerbated human suffering on many levels, rather than diminished it. There are two closely related reasons for its defectiveness. Firstly, having no clear or accurate understanding of the anatomy of the human psyche, the template of human feelings and experience, it can never put the various pieces of the jigsaw puzzle it has found, into a correct arrangement. Instead it takes this grab bag of observations and creates strangely formed and often grotesque theories, ideologies and “working models” Secondly, many of these puzzle pieces are based on observations of very pathological “normal” people. Not knowing the real makeup of the human mind, there is no way to understand what a normal or sane person might be like. Indeed, to rationalize this lack of understanding, “normal” is taken to be some kind of shifting theoretical point, based on culture, environment, history, etc. Polarized points of view from theological or psychological perspectives continue to be generated by those who have no wisdom or perception of the real structure of mind. Thus we have the Tower of Babel of today’s psychological landscape.
    Yes, good old-fashioned intelligence, insight, caring, presence, and counseling skills in the hands of the professional, all wind up helping people, more and less. But without knowing what a man/woman IS, it is still the blind leading the blind.
    Asa

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